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NOTE: This is an unformatted excerpt from our online fire protection training library.

Authorities, Specifications and Codes & Standards

Codes and Standards

Alternatives in Fire Protection

Proper “fire protection” is a holistic concept and involves many areas such as building construction, fire alarm systems, and automatic sprinklerAs important as the physical aspects of fire protection are, perhaps the most important part is the management of the features. If a sprinkler system is allowed to be compromised by changes in occupancy hazards, or a fire alarm system is taken out of service, the consequences can be severe. Thus, management interested in preserving and maintaining the fire protection systems within the building is every bit as important as the systems themselves.s. In some cases, a building owner may be allowed to reduce or even eliminate one form of protection in lieu of another.

In all cases, the practice of substituting one form of protection for another must be carefully reviewed and applied only in conjunction with approval of the AHJ. Each case has to be approved on its own merits and as an individual occurrence.

For example, fire alarm systems are sometimes considered in allowing the elimination of total sprinkler protection. Early warning capabilities of a properly designed fire alarm system in a space where all occupants are completely alert and awake may be deemed an acceptable alternative to automatic sprinklers or the need for building separations.

In older structures, the application of alternative protection is used as a cost-saving measure during a renovation. The building code may require that the entire structure be brought up to the current code requirements. Alternative measures that will bring the renovated space up to an acceptable level of protection, however, may also be allowed and applied.
NOTE: This is an unformatted excerpt from our online fire protection training library.

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