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NOTE: This is an unformatted excerpt from our online fire protection training library.

Automatic Sprinkler Inspection, Testing & Maintenance

Overview

Responsibility for I.T. & M.

The owner of a property is fully responsible for inspecting, testing, and maintaining the building sprinkler systems.

The management of a facility may contract with a sprinkler service company to perform the required inspections, testing, and maintenance of the sprinkler system. Even in this case, facility management retains full responsibility for assuring that the required inspections, tests, and maintenance are completed in accordance with recognized standards. This means that management must audit the work of the contractor on a regular basis. for inspecting, testing, and maintaining the building sprinkler systems.

This responsibility includes:

Notifying the authority having jurisdictionauthority having jurisdiction:
The authority having jurisdiction (AHJ) varies depending on the situation. In most cases the local building or fire official is the AHJ for matters involving statutory requirements. An insurance company representative may be the AHJ for matters affecting insurance coverage for the building. An accreditation agency may be the AHJ for matters pertaining to protection of a hospital or other health care facility. A corporate representative may be the AHJ for matters relating to corporate policy and procedures. And, the owner of the facility may be an AHJ for matters directly affecting the financial investment he or she has in the building or its operations. There will likely be multiple AHJ's for any given facility., and any alarm receiving facilityalarm receiving facility:
Any alarm receiving facility, such as a central station alarm company or a community dispatch center, must be notified before beginning any testing or maintenance operations. Failure to do so could result in unnecessary response of the fire department. In some jurisdictions, the fire department must also be notified before any testing or maintenance. In some jurisdictions heavy fines have been meted out for failure to comply with these requirements., before testing or shutting the system down for maintenance or repairs.
Permitting only qualified individualsqualified individuals:
The requirements for training and competency vary from one jurisdiction to another. Many states have specific licensing requirements for companies and individuals that inspect, test, or maintain automatic sprinkler systems. Check with your local building or fire official for the requirements in your area. to work on the system.
Promptly correcting any deficiencies discovered during inspection, testing, and maintenance procedures.
Assuring the hazards in the building, or the physical arrangement of the building haven't changed Change is a constant at most facilities. As facilities and operations change, the hazards sometimes increase. Keep in mind that NFPA 25 doesn't require an inspection to verify that the system is adequate for the hazard. However, if the inspection finds changes, they need to be evaluated. Changes may mean that the sprinkler systems may or may not be capable of providing protection for the increased hazard. Each change in the building or occupancy identified during an inspection requires an accompanying evaluation of the sprinkler system to assure it can still control a fire in the hazard. This evaluation would typically be performed by a fire protection engineer with the ability to determine the ability of the sprinkler systems to protect the new hazard.in a manner that would affect the proper operation of the sprinkler system.   
Verifying the restoration of all sprinkler systems following any impairmentimpairment:
Some sprinkler testing and maintenance procedures require that the system be taken out of service. Anytime a sprinkler system, or other protective system, is out-of-service, it is termed an impairment. Every facility must have a program in place to manage an impairment by limiting the time and extent of the impairment, eliminating ignition sources, providing temporary protection, and taking other measures to minimize the impact of the impairment..
NOTE: This is an unformatted excerpt from our online fire protection training library.

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