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As well established as automatic sprinkler protection is, its effectiveness is still somewhat dependent upon a number of variablesIf we assume that there is an adequate water supply, other variables might be alterations to the building, changes in the combustibility of the occupancy, unnoticed damage to the system, etc.. It is possible to figure out how much water, in the form of droplets, will be able to fall through the fire plume and find their way to the seat of a fireThe seat of the fire has to be attacked to control or extinguish a fire rapidly.. The fact that fire is dynamic and constantly creates a changing environment, however, introduces too many variables each second to be able to accurately predict the exact effectiveness of sprinkler system discharge.
The information we are given in codes and standards is based on actual full-scale fire tests that simulate the parameters that are dealt with in the built environment. The results of the tests become the basis of requirementsFor example, at the Factory Mutual Global (FM) Research center, clients of FM can provide their commodities, and FM will build a simulated warehouse. The warehouse will be subjected to a number of fire tests, to try to determine the protection scheme that works the best for that particular arrangement. for design and construction of sprinkler systems.
© Hughes Associates,Inc. 2012