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NOTE: This is an unformatted excerpt from our online fire protection training library.

Remote Station and Protected Premises Fire Alarm Systems

Introduction

Protected Premises Fire AlarmSystems

A protected premises fire alarm system can do a number of things that enhance the fire safety in a building.  In fact, given technology available, a fire alarm control unit (FACU) can also control a number of non-fire building systems.  However, this doesn't make senseFor example, today's FACU has the intelligence to control things like lighting systems and HVAC. But, these systems are well controlled with their own specific control equipment. Also, there is a downside to trying to put too much into one control system - all the eggs in one basket, as the saying goes. And, it probably isn't the best arrangement to have the maintenance technician access the fire alarm control system to program activation of lights in different parts of a large complex. in many cases, so it isn't done often.

Larger buildings today are managed automatically in many areas, such as lighting, heating, and access.  Although the fire alarm system will not directly control these systems, it is often connected into building systemsA common term used for this arrangement is BACnet - Building Automation and Control network. This is a network installed in the building into which any items, such as building heating, lighting, elevator control, humidity control, access control and just about anything that manages or needs to be monitored, can be connected. The protected premises fire alarm system can also be interfaced into the BACnet, as long as the "gateways" into the network are listed and proper for fire. In many cases, the interface of the fire alarm system into the BACnet with other items, such as elevator control or HVAC, makes it easier for the fire alarm system to access and activate these in a time of emergency. , through interfaces.  The intent is to make the building safer in the event of a fire.
NOTE: This is an unformatted excerpt from our online fire protection training library.

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