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Remote Station and Protected Premises Fire Alarm Systems

Remote Stations

Applications

Remote supervising station fire alarm systems (remote station) have been used for a number of years, and are still very popular today as a low cost way to transmit signals.  The signals A remote station was originally designed to be an alarm transmission/receiving alternative to full Central Station Service. In many places, Central Station Service wasn't available, and in some cases, the cost of full Central Station Service wasn't warranted. Today, because of increases in technology in the phone systems, Central Station is available virtually anywhere. Thus, the reason for the use of remote station is typically cost.at the protected premises can be transmitted to the remote station over a number of signal transmission means. 

Given the requirements of all of the types of supervising stations recognized by NFPA 72, remote station has the least stringent requirements in terms of technology and operations.  Remote stations were developed primarily for rural properties to have a location to transmit signals to, such as the local fire department.  However, there were, and still are, some remote locations that do not have the resources to establish a constantly attended alarm or communications center, so remote station can take many formsThe requirements for remote station first appeared in the Code in 1961. The intent was to recognize a constantly attended location to receive signals from fire alarm systems in those areas that were remote and rural. There were locations, and some still exist today, where the remote station connection was made to a series of "fire phones" in the community, usually in the residences of volunteer fire fighters. All of the phones rang simultaneously, and the phone sets had methods to ring the sirens in town, or activate pagers carried by fire fighters. Officials that had these types of systems in their communities had to find alternate locations to receive signals from remote station fire alarm systems in the buildings in their communities. Sometimes the only constantly attended location was an answering service that fielded calls for a number of people. In some communities, there may not have been an answering service, but maybe a 24-hour ambulance service to which signals could be sent..
NOTE: This is an unformatted excerpt from our online fire protection training library.

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